What is it?
Osteoporosis is the weakening of bones due to a decrease in the mineral bone density. This can lead to fractures and permanent changes to the shape of the spine. It can be caused through trauma, a lack of calcium and vitamin D and is most common in post menopausal women.
Deformity in curvature of the spine Gradual/mild onset of back pain Limited Mobility Loss in height Sudden back pain
When to see a doctor or consider surgery?
You should see your doctor if symptoms develop or you are post menopausal women due to the increased risks of osteoporosis. Surgery is only considered should osteoporsis cause fractures or other conditions. If you experience any 'Red Flags' (Symptoms requiring immidiate attention) you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
How is it diagnosed?
Bone mineral density tests can be performed by a doctor to monitor the rate of bone density degeneration. It is a non-invasive procedure that uses low energy x rays. Yearly tests are recommended for; women over the age of 65 All post-menopausal women Women undergoing menopause Individuals with abnormal spines Long term oral steroid users Hyperparathyroidism patients.